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Title: Composite thermochemistry of gas phase U(VI)-containing molecules

Reaction energies have been calculated for a series of reactions involving UF{sub 6}, UO{sub 3}, UO{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}, and UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} using coupled cluster singles and doubles with perturbative triples, CCSD(T), with a series of correlation consistent basis sets, including newly developed pseudopotential (PP)- and all-electron (AE) Douglas-Kroll-Hess-based sets for the U atom. The energies were calculated using a Feller-Peterson-Dixon composite approach in which CCSD(T) complete basis set (CBS) limits were combined with a series of additive contributions for spin-orbit coupling, outer-core correlation, and quantum electrodynamics effects. The calculated reaction enthalpies (both PP and AE) were combined with the accurately known heat of formation of UF{sub 6} to determine the enthalpies of formation of UO{sub 3}, UO{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}, and UO{sub 2}F{sub 2}. The contribution to the reaction enthalpies due to correlation of the 5s5p5d electrons of U was observed to be very slowly convergent with basis set and at the CBS limit their impact on the final enthalpies was on the order of 1 kcal/mol or less. For these closed shell molecules, spin-orbit effects contributed about 1 kcal/mol to the final enthalpies. Interestingly, the PP and AE approaches yielded quite different spin-orbit contributions (similar magnitude but opposite inmore » sign), but the total scalar plus spin-orbit results from the two approaches agreed to within ∼1 kcal/mol of each other. The final composite heat of formation for UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} was in excellent agreement with experiment, while the two results obtained for UO{sub 3} were just outside the ±2.4 kcal/mol error bars of the currently recommended experimental value. An improved enthalpy of formation (298 K) for UO{sub 2}(OH){sub 2} is predicted from this work to be −288.7 ± 3 kcal/mol, compared to the currently accepted experimental value of −292.7 ± 6 kcal/mol.« less
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164-4630 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415422
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 141; Journal Issue: 24; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ATOMS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORRELATIONS; ELECTRONS; FORMATION HEAT; L-S COUPLING; MOLECULES; POTENTIALS; QUANTUM ELECTRODYNAMICS; SCALARS; SPIN; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; URANIUM DIOXIDE; URANIUM HEXAFLUORIDE; URANIUM TRIOXIDE; URANYL FLUORIDES