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Title: The structure of CO{sub 2} hydrate between 0.7 and 1.0 GPa

A deuterated sample of CO{sub 2} structure I (sI) clathrate hydrate (CO{sub 2}·8.3 D{sub 2}O) has been formed and neutron diffraction experiments up to 1.0 GPa at 240 K were performed. The sI CO{sub 2} hydrate transformed at 0.7 GPa into the high pressure phase that had been observed previously by Hirai et al. [J. Phys. Chem. 133, 124511 (2010)] and Bollengier et al. [Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 119, 322 (2013)], but which had not been structurally identified. The current neutron diffraction data were successfully fitted to a filled ice structure with CO{sub 2} molecules filling the water channels. This CO{sub 2}+water system has also been investigated using classical molecular dynamics and density functional ab initio methods to provide additional characterization of the high pressure structure. Both models indicate the water network adapts a MH-III “like” filled ice structure with considerable disorder of the orientations of the CO{sub 2} molecule. Furthermore, the disorder appears to be a direct result of the level of proton disorder in the water network. In contrast to the conclusions of Bollengier et al., our neutron diffraction data show that the filled ice phase can be recovered to ambient pressure (0.1 MPa) at 96 K, and recrystallization tomore » sI hydrate occurs upon subsequent heating to 150 K, possibly by first forming low density amorphous ice. Unlike other clathrate hydrate systems, which transform from the sI or sII structure to the hexagonal structure (sH) then to the filled ice structure, CO{sub 2} hydrate transforms directly from the sI form to the filled ice structure.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Neutron Scattering Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6 (Canada)
  4. Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, District of Columbia 20015 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415322
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Physics; Journal Volume: 141; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CARBON DIOXIDE; CLATHRATES; DENSITY; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; HEATING; HEAVY WATER; MOLECULAR DYNAMICS METHOD; MOLECULES; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; RECRYSTALLIZATION