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Title: A comparison of light-coupling into high and low index nanostructured photovoltaic thin films

Periodically structured electrodes are typically introduced to thin-film photovoltaics for the purpose of light management. Highly effective light-trapping and optimal in-coupling of light is crucial to enhance the overall device performance in such thin-film systems. Here, wavelength-scale structures are transferred via direct laser interference patterning to electron-selective TiO{sub 2} electrodes. Two representative thin-film solar cell architectures are deposited on top: an organic solar cell featuring blended P3HT:PCBM as active material, and a hybrid solar cell with Sb{sub 2}S{sub 3} as inorganic active material. A direct correlation in the asymmetry in total absorption enhancement and in structure-induced light in-coupling is spectroscopically observed for the two systems. The structuring is shown to be beneficial for the total absorption enhancement if a high n active material is deposited on TiO{sub 2}, but detrimental for a low n material. The refractive indices of the employed materials are determined via spectroscopic ellipsometry. The study outlines that the macroscopic Fresnel equations can be used to investigate the spectroscopically observed asymmetry in light in-coupling at the nanostructured TiO{sub 2} active material interfaces by visualizing the difference in reflectivity caused by the asymmetry in refractive indices.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, University of Konstanz, Universitätsstr. 10, 78457 Konstanz (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415304
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: APL materials; Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION; ANTIMONY SULFIDES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORRELATIONS; COUPLING; ELECTRONS; ELLIPSOMETRY; INTERFACES; LASER RADIATION; NANOSTRUCTURES; ORGANIC SOLAR CELLS; PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECT; REFLECTIVITY; REFRACTIVE INDEX; THIN FILMS; TITANIUM OXIDES; TRAPPING; VISIBLE RADIATION