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Title: Non-spectroscopic surface plasmon sensor with a tunable sensitivity

We demonstrate a non-spectroscopic surface plasmon sensor with a tunable sensitivity which is based on the relationship between the wave number of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) on metal film and the refractive index of the specimen in contact with the metal film. A change in the wave number of the SPPs results in a variation in the propagation angle of the leakage radiation of the SPPs. A reference light is used to interfere with the leakage radiation, and the refractive index of the specimen can be obtained by measuring the period of the interference fringes. The sensitivity of the sensor can be tuned by changing the incident direction of the reference light and this cannot be realized by conventional surface plasmon sensors. For a reference angle of 1.007°, the sensitivity and resolution of the sensor are 4629 μm/RIU (RIU stands for refractive index unit) and 3.6 × 10{sup −4} RIU, respectively. In addition, the sensor only needs a monochromatic light source, which simplifies the measurement setup and reduces the cost.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. State Key Laboratory for Mesoscopic Physics and Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415120
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT; INTERFERENCE; LIGHT SOURCES; METALS; MONOCHROMATIC RADIATION; PLASMONS; REFRACTIVE INDEX; RESOLUTION; SENSITIVITY; SENSORS