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Title: Indium and gallium diffusion through zirconia in the TiN/ZrO{sub 2}/InGaAs stack

Angle-resolved X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (ARXPS) was applied to the TiN/ZrO{sub 2}/InGaAs stack to assess its thermal stability. Through a robust ARXPS analysis, it was possible to observe subtle effects such as the thermally induced diffusion of substrate atomic species (In and Ga) through the dielectric layer. The detailed characterization of the film structure allowed for assessing the depth profiles of the diffused atomic species by means of the scenarios-method. Since the quantification for the amount of diffused material was done at different temperatures, it was possible to obtain an approximate value of the activation energy for the diffusion of indium through zirconia. The result is very similar to the previously reported values for indium diffusion through alumina and through hafnia.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. CINVESTAV-Unidad Queretaro, Queretaro, Qro. 76230 (Mexico)
  2. (France)
  3. Univ. Grenoble Alpes, F-38000 Grenoble, France and CEA, LETI, MINATEC Campus, F-38054 Grenoble (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22415097
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 22; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ACTIVATION ENERGY; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; FILMS; GALLIUM; GALLIUM ARSENIDES; INDIUM; INDIUM ARSENIDES; SUBSTRATES; TITANIUM NITRIDES; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; ZIRCONIUM OXIDES