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Title: A comparative study of the annealing behavior of Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se){sub 2} based solar cells with an indium sulfide buffer layer, partly submitted to wet chemical treatments

Indium sulfide thin films deposited via thermal evaporation from compound source material have been successfully utilized as a cadmium free buffer layer for Cu(In,Ga)Se{sub 2} based solar cells. However, high efficiencies are only reached after an additional annealing step. In this work, the annealing behavior of Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se){sub 2} based indium sulfide buffered solar cells is compared to the annealing behavior of similar cells, which were submitted to wet chemical treatments partly containing cadmium ions. Upon annealing a significant improvement of the initial solar cell characteristics is observed for the untreated cell and is related to the increase of activation energy for the carrier recombination process and a decrease of the ideality factor within the one diode model. It is shown here that this improvement can also be achieved by wet treatments of the absorber prior to buffer layer deposition. Upon annealing these treated cells still gain in collection length but lose open circuit voltage, which is explained here within a model including a highly p-doped absorber surface layer and supported by simulations showing that a decrease in doping density of such a surface layer would lead to the observed effects.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ; ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Corporate Research and Advance Engineering, Robert Bosch GmbH, Robert-Bosch-Straße 2, D-71701 Schwieberdingen (Germany)
  2. (Luxembourg)
  3. Corporate Research and Advance Engineering, Robert Bosch GmbH, Postfach 10 60 50, D-70049 Stuttgart (Germany)
  4. Bosch Solar CISTech GmbH, D-14772 Brandenburg (Germany)
  5. Laboratory for Photovoltaics, University of Luxembourg, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux (Luxembourg)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22413221
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ACTIVATION ENERGY; ANNEALING; CADMIUM IONS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DEPOSITION; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; EVAPORATION; GAIN; GALLIUM SELENIDES; INDIUM SULFIDES; LAYERS; RECOMBINATION; SOLAR CELLS; SURFACES; THIN FILMS