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Title: Correlation of infrared spectra and phase transitions in annealed proton-exchanged MgO doped LiNbO{sub 3}

Infrared spectra of OH{sup −} groups in annealed proton-exchanged (APE) 5 mol. % MgO-doped LiNbO{sub 3} (MgO:LiNbO{sub 3}) crystals were studied using the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy technique. Samples were prepared by benzoic acid proton-exchange followed with thermal annealing in oxygen. Evolutions of absorption peaks in APE MgO:LiNbO{sub 3} crystals were recorded and analyzed. Comparing with none-doped APE LiNbO{sub 3} crystals, a different phase transition behavior was found during thermal annealing. A periodically poled MgO:LiNbO{sub 3} slab waveguide was prepared using identical procedures, and the second harmonic generation (SHG) signals were measured. Comparing the obtained SHG results with the infrared spectra, relationships between the phase transitions and the recovery of second-order nonlinear coefficients during thermal annealing were investigated. Finally, a method for optimizing the performance of MgO:LiNbO{sub 3} waveguides was proposed.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Engineering Physics, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22412981
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANNEALING; BENZOIC ACID; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORRELATIONS; CRYSTALS; DOPED MATERIALS; HARMONIC GENERATION; HYDROXIDES; INFRARED SPECTRA; LITHIUM COMPOUNDS; MAGNESIUM OXIDES; NIOBATES; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; PERIODICITY; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PROTONS