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Title: Characterization of deep level defects and thermally stimulated depolarization phenomena in La-doped TlInS{sub 2} layered semiconductor

Lanthanum-doped high quality TlInS{sub 2} (TlInS{sub 2}:La) ferroelectric-semiconductor was characterized by photo-induced current transient spectroscopy (PICTS). Different impurity centers are resolved and identified. Analyses of the experimental data were performed in order to determine the characteristic parameters of the extrinsic and intrinsic defects. The energies and capturing cross section of deep traps were obtained by using the heating rate method. The observed changes in the Thermally Stimulated Depolarization Currents (TSDC) near the phase transition points in TlInS{sub 2}:La ferroelectric-semiconductor are interpreted as a result of self-polarization of the crystal due to the internal electric field caused by charged defects. The TSDC spectra show the depolarization peaks, which are attributed to defects of dipolar origin. These peaks provide important information on the defect structure and localized energy states in TlInS{sub 2}:La. Thermal treatments of TlInS{sub 2}:La under an external electric field, which was applied at different temperatures, allowed us to identify a peak in TSDC which was originated from La-dopant. It was established that deep energy level trap BTE43, which are active at low temperature (T ≤ 156 K) and have activation energy 0.29 eV and the capture cross section 2.2 × 10{sup −14} cm{sup 2}, corresponds to the La dopant. According to the PICTS results, themore » deep level trap center B5 is activated in the temperature region of incommensurate (IC) phases of TlInS{sub 2}:La, having the giant static dielectric constant due to the structural disorders. From the PICTS simulation results for B5, native deep level trap having an activation energy of 0.3 eV and the capture cross section of 1.8 × 10{sup −16} cm{sup 2} were established. A substantial amount of residual space charges is trapped by the deep level localized energy states of B5 in IC-phase. While the external electric field is applied, permanent dipoles, which are originated from the charged B5 deep level defects, are aligned in the direction of the applied electric field and the equilibrium polarization can be reached in a relatively short time. When the polarization field is maintained, while cooling the temperature of sample to a sufficiently low degrees, the relaxation times of the aligned dipoles drastically increases. Practically, frozen internal electric field or electrets states remain inside the TlInS{sub 2}:La when the applied bias field is switched off. The influence of deep level defects on TSDC spectra of TlInS{sub 2}:La has been revealed for the first time.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Physics, Gebze Technical University, Gebze, Kocaeli 41400 (Turkey)
  2. (Azerbaijan)
  3. Institute of Technical Acoustics, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Lyudnikov ave. 13, Vitebsk 210717 (Belarus)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22412921
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 22; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CRYSTALS; DEPOLARIZATION; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRETS; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ENERGY LEVELS; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; HEAT TREATMENTS; INDIUM SULFIDES; LANTHANUM; PERMITTIVITY; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; POLARIZATION; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; THALLIUM COMPOUNDS; TRAPPING; TRAPS