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Title: Spin-scattering rates in metallic thin films measured by ferromagnetic resonance damping enhanced by spin-pumping

We determined the spin-transport properties of Pd and Pt thin films by measuring the increase in ferromagnetic resonance damping due to spin-pumping in ferromagnetic (FM)-nonferromagnetic metal (NM) multilayers with varying NM thicknesses. The increase in damping with NM thickness depends strongly on both the spin- and charge-transport properties of the NM, as modeled by diffusion equations that include both momentum- and spin-scattering parameters. We use the analytical solution to the spin-diffusion equations to obtain spin-diffusion lengths for Pt and Pd. By measuring the dependence of conductivity on NM thickness, we correlate the charge- and spin-transport parameters, and validate the applicability of various models for momentum-scattering and spin-scattering rates in these systems: constant, inverse-proportional (Dyakanov-Perel), and linear-proportional (Elliot-Yafet). We confirm previous reports that the spin-scattering time appears to be shorter than the momentum scattering time in Pt, and the Dyakanov-Perel-like model is the best fit to the data.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22412917
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 22; Other Information: (c) 2015 U.S. Government; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANALYTICAL SOLUTION; CHARGE TRANSPORT; DIFFUSION EQUATIONS; DIFFUSION LENGTH; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; FERROMAGNETIC MATERIALS; FERROMAGNETIC RESONANCE; LAYERS; PALLADIUM; PLATINUM; SPIN; THIN FILMS