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Title: Fibril orientation redistribution induced by stretching of cellulose nanofibril hydrogels

The mechanical performance of materials reinforced by cellulose nanofibrils is highly affected by the orientation of these fibrils. This paper investigates the nanofibril orientation distribution of films of partly oriented cellulose nanofibrils. Stripes of hydrogel films were subjected to different amount of strain and, after drying, examined with X-ray diffraction to obtain the orientation of the nanofibrils in the films, caused by the stretching. The cellulose nanofibrils had initially a random in-plane orientation in the hydrogel films and the strain was applied to the films before the nanofibrils bond tightly together, which occurs during drying. The stretching resulted in a reorientation of the nanofibrils in the films, with monotonically increasing orientation towards the load direction with increasing strain. Estimation of nanofibril reorientation by X-ray diffraction enables quantitative comparison of the stretch-induced orientation ability of different cellulose nanofibril systems. The reorientation of nanofibrils as a consequence of an applied strain is also predicted by a geometrical model of deformation of nanofibril hydrogels. Conversely, in high-strain cold-drawing of wet cellulose nanofibril materials, the enhanced orientation is promoted by slipping of the effectively stiff fibrils.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. The Ångström Laboratory, Department of Engineering Sciences, Division of Applied Mechanics, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden)
  2. Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, FI-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland)
  3. Department of Fiber and Polymer Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), SE-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22412877
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 21; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CELLULOSE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DEFORMATION; FILMS; HYDROGELS; NANOSTRUCTURES; ORIENTATION; RANDOMNESS; REINFORCED MATERIALS; STRAINS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION