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Title: Energy harvesting from low frequency applications using piezoelectric materials

In an effort to eliminate the replacement of the batteries of electronic devices that are difficult or impractical to service once deployed, harvesting energy from mechanical vibrations or impacts using piezoelectric materials has been researched over the last several decades. However, a majority of these applications have very low input frequencies. This presents a challenge for the researchers to optimize the energy output of piezoelectric energy harvesters, due to the relatively high elastic moduli of piezoelectric materials used to date. This paper reviews the current state of research on piezoelectric energy harvesting devices for low frequency (0–100 Hz) applications and the methods that have been developed to improve the power outputs of the piezoelectric energy harvesters. Various key aspects that contribute to the overall performance of a piezoelectric energy harvester are discussed, including geometries of the piezoelectric element, types of piezoelectric material used, techniques employed to match the resonance frequency of the piezoelectric element to input frequency of the host structure, and electronic circuits specifically designed for energy harvesters.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P.O. Box 999, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22412790
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied physics reviews; Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; DESIGN; ELASTICITY; ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS; ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT; MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS; PERFORMANCE; PIEZOELECTRICITY; RESONANCE; YOUNG MODULUS