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Title: About the deformation of ferroelectric hystereses

Studying ferroelectric hafnium oxide with focus on memory applications for the past years, discussions frequently involved the shape of measured polarization hystereses, its relation to the device performance, and how to optimize it. A perfect model-like hysteresis is of nearly rectangular shape and all deviations from this situation have to have a certain physical origin. Different phenomena and their impact on the shape of the polarization hystereses were reported in literature: Aging, imprint, fatigue, or dielectric interface layers to name a few examples. A collection of these phenomena is not easily found up to now. Thus, filling or at least reducing this gap is one of the goals of this work. Moreover, observing a pinched, slanted, or displaced hysteresis, it is quite tempting to try the reverse approach: a derivation of potential structural origins for this curve shape. First, the basics of the dynamic hysteresis measurement and the ferroelectric memories are briefly reviewed. The figures of interest are derived to ensure a proper assessment of imperfections in the hysteresis shape and their influence. It is discussed how a closer look on the polarization loop helps to draw conclusions on what might have caused such a shape or at least howmore » to rule out some phenomena if the expected indications are not reflected in the present curve. Of course, further structural or electrical studies, as they are exemplarily pointed out, are indispensable to find the root cause(s) for the deviations from the ideal hysteresis. But sophisticated methods are not always accessible straightaway and, moreover, a pointer on where to start is always helpful. Especially, the transient currents recorded during a dynamic hysteresis measurement are stressed as a valuable instrument for this purpose. Despite their known potential, these currents are seldom shown in literature.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. NaMLab gGmbH, Noethnitzer Str. 64, D-01187 Dresden (Germany)
  2. Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik 2, RWTH Aachen University, Sommerfeldstraße 24, D-52074 Aachen (Germany)
  3. (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22412789
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied physics reviews; Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; AGING; DEFORMATION; FATIGUE; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; HAFNIUM OXIDES; HYSTERESIS; INTERFACES; LAYERS; PERFORMANCE; POLARIZATION; POTENTIALS; STRESSES; TRANSIENTS