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Title: Spin-orbit torque induced spike-timing dependent plasticity

Nanoelectronic devices that mimic the functionality of synapses are a crucial requirement for performing cortical simulations of the brain. In this work, we propose a ferromagnet-heavy metal heterostructure that employs spin-orbit torque to implement spike-timing dependent plasticity. The proposed device offers the advantage of decoupled spike transmission and programming current paths, thereby leading to reliable operation during online learning. Possible arrangement of such devices in a crosspoint architecture can pave the way for ultra-dense neural networks. Simulation studies indicate that the device has the potential of achieving pico-Joule level energy consumption (maximum 2 pJ per synaptic event) which is comparable to the energy consumption for synaptic events in biological synapses.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22412783
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; FERROMAGNETIC MATERIALS; HEAVY METALS; HETEROJUNCTIONS; L-S COUPLING; NEURAL NETWORKS; OPERATION; PLASTICITY; TORQUE