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Title: A nonlinear piezoelectric energy harvester for various mechanical motions

This study presents a nonlinear piezoelectric energy harvester with intent to scavenge energy from diverse mechanical motions. The harvester consists of four piezoelectric cantilever beams, a cylindrical track, and a ferromagnetic ball, with magnets integrated to introduce the magnetic coupling between the ball and the beams. The experimental results demonstrate that the harvester is able to collect energy from various directions of vibrations. For the vibrations perpendicular to the ground, the maximum peak voltage is increased by 3.2 V and the bandwidth of the voltage above 4 V is increased by more than 4 Hz compared to the results obtained when using a conventional design. For the vibrations along the horizontal direction, the frequency up-conversion is realized through the magnetic coupling. Moreover, the proposed design can harvest energy from the sway motion around different directions on the horizontal plane. Harvesting energy from the rotation motion is also achieved with an operating bandwidth of approximately 6 Hz.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. School of Mechano-Electronic Engineering, Xidian University, Xi'an 710071 (China)
  2. (Canada)
  3. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6G 2V4 (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22412542
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 22; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; COUPLING; MAGNETS; MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; PIEZOELECTRICITY