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Title: A millimeter wave relativistic backward wave oscillator operating in TM{sub 03} mode with low guiding magnetic field

A V-band overmoded relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO) guided by low magnetic field and operating on a TM{sub 03} mode is presented to increase both the power handling capacity and the wave-beam interaction conversion efficiency. Trapezoidal slow wave structures (SWSs) with shallow corrugations and long periods are adopted to make the group velocity of TM{sub 03} mode at the intersection point close to zero. The coupling impedance and diffraction Q-factor of the RBWO increase, while the starting current decreases owing to the reduction of the group velocity of TM{sub 03} mode. In addition, the TM{sub 03} mode dominates over the other modes in the startup of the oscillation. Via numerical simulation, the generation of the microwave pulse with an output power of 425 MW and a conversion efficiency of 32% are achieved at 60.5 GHz with an external magnetic field of 1.25 T. This RBWO can provide greater power handling capacity when operating on the TM{sub 03} mode than on the TM{sub 01} mode.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ; ; ;  [3]
  1. Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing100084 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an Shaanxi 710024 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410448
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; BEAMS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DIFFRACTION; GHZ RANGE; INTERACTIONS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MICROWAVE RADIATION; OSCILLATION MODES; OSCILLATORS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; WAVE PROPAGATION; WAVEGUIDES