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Title: Nonlinear evolution of the electromagnetic electron-cyclotron instability in bi-Kappa distributed plasma

This paper presents a numerical study of the linear and nonlinear evolution of the electromagnetic electron-cyclotron (EMEC) instability in a bi-Kappa distributed plasma. Distributions with high energy tails described by the Kappa power-laws are often observed in collision-less plasmas (e.g., solar wind and accelerators), where wave-particle interactions control the plasma thermodynamics and keep the particle distributions out of Maxwellian equilibrium. Under certain conditions, the anisotropic bi-Kappa distribution gives rise to plasma instabilities creating low-frequency EMEC waves in the whistler branch. The instability saturates nonlinearly by reducing the temperature anisotropy until marginal stability is reached. Numerical simulations of the Vlasov-Maxwell system of equations show excellent agreement with the growth-rate and real frequency of the unstable modes predicted by linear theory. The wave-amplitude of the EMEC waves at nonlinear saturation is consistent with magnetic trapping of the electrons.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. SUPA, Physics Department, John Anderson Building, Strathclyde University, Glasgow G4 0NG, Scotland (United Kingdom)
  2. Centre for Mathematical Plasma Astrophysics, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven (Belgium)
  3. (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410434
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2015 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; AMPLITUDES; ANISOTROPY; BOLTZMANN-VLASOV EQUATION; COLLISIONLESS PLASMA; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CYCLOTRON INSTABILITY; ELECTRONS; NUMERICAL ANALYSIS; PARTICLE INTERACTIONS; SOLAR WIND; THERMODYNAMICS; TRAPPING; WHISTLERS