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Title: Surface plasmon resonance induced Er{sup 3+} photoluminescence enhancement in tellurite glass

The melt quenching method is used to prepare tellurite glasses co-activated with erbium ions and silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs). The glass samples are characterized by x-ray diffraction, UV-vis-NIR absorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The XRD pattern shows no sharp peak indicating an amorphous nature of the glasses. The presence of Ag NPs is confirmed from TEM micrograph. The absorption spectra reveal not only the peaks due to Er{sup 3+} ions, but also the surface plasmon resonance band of silver NPs in the 510–535 nm range. The J-O model has been applied to the room temperature absorption intensities of Er{sup 3+} (4f{sup 11}) transitions to establish the so-called J-O intensity parameters: Ω{sub 2}, Ω{sub 4}, and Ω{sub 6}. The intensity parameters are used to determine the radiative decay rates (emission probabilities of transitions) and branching ratios of the Er{sup 3+} transitions from the excited state J manifolds to the lower-lying J' manifolds. Intensified of 1.53 μm band is obtained for the sample containing 0.5 mol. % of AgNO{sub 3} (Ag0.5 glass) using for excitation a laser operating at 980 nm. The simultaneous influence of the Ag NPs → Er{sup 3+} energy transfer and the contribution of the intensified local field effect duemore » to the silver NPs give origin to the enhancement of both the Photoluminescence (PL) intensity and the PL lifetime relative to the {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} → {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transition, whereas the quenching is ascribed to the energy transfer from Er{sup 3+} ions to silver NPs. Based on the analysis of the temperature dependence of the PL intensity and decay time, we identified a weak back transfer process from Er to the glass host that makes the quenching of the PL intensity weak. Large magnitudes of calculated emission cross-section (σ{sub e}), effective bandwidth (Δλ{sub eff}), and bandwidth quality factor (FWHM × σ{sub e}) relatives to {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} → {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transition in Er doped Ag0.5 glass have been shown. They indicate that this glass sample has good prospect as a gain medium applied for 1.53 μm band broad and high-gain erbium-doped fiber amplifiers.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Matériaux Minéraux et leurs Applications, Centre National de Recherches en Sciences des Matériaux, B.P. 95, Hammam-Lif 2050 (Tunisia)
  2. (Tunisia)
  3. Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, 2-24-16 Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410205
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 19; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; DOPED MATERIALS; EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY; ENERGY TRANSFER; ERBIUM IONS; EXCITATION; EXCITED STATES; GAIN; GLASS; LIFETIME; NANOPARTICLES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; PLASMONS; PROBABILITY; SILVER; SILVER NITRATES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION