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Title: Tailoring the magnetic properties of new Fe-Ni-Co-Al-(Ta,Nb)-B superelastic rapidly quenched microwires

Ferromagnetic Fe-Ni-Co-Al-(Ta,Nb)-B microwires with diameters from 170 μm to 50 μm, which possess both superelastic and good magnetic properties, have been prepared by rapid quenching from the melt using the in rotating water spinning technique followed by cold-drawing and ageing. The cold-drawing and annealing processes lead to the initialization of premartensitic phases as confirmed by the X-ray diffraction and scanning transmission electron microscopic investigations, more significantly in the 50 μm cold-drawn microwires. An increase in the coercive field and in the saturation magnetization has been obtained by annealing, more importantly in the case of Nb-containing alloy. Ageing by thermal or current annealing led to the initialization of the superelastic effect. High values of strain of up to 1.8%, very good repeatability under successive loading, and values of superelastic effect of up to 1.2% have been achieved. The structural analysis coupled with the stress-strain data suggests that these materials annealed at 800 °C have superelastic potential at reduced ageing times. The magnetic behavior was found to be easily tailored through both thermal and thermomagnetic treatments with changes in the magnetic parameters which can be contactless detected. The results are important for future applications where both mechanical and magnetic properties matter, i.e., sensing/actuating systems.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. National Institute of R and D for Technical Physics 47 Mangeron Boulevard, RO-700050 Iaşi (Romania)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410161
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM BORIDES; ANNEALING; COBALT BORIDES; DRAWING; ELECTRONS; FERROMAGNETIC MATERIALS; FERROMAGNETISM; IRON BORIDES; LOADING; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; NICKEL BORIDES; NIOBIUM BORIDES; QUENCHING; STRAINS; STRESSES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION