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Title: Novel pre-alloyed powder processing of modified alnico 8: Correlation of microstructure and magnetic properties

Progress is reviewed on development of an improved near-final bulk magnet fabrication process for alnico 8, as a non-rare earth permanent magnet with promise for sufficient energy density and coercivity for electric drive motors. This study showed that alnico bulk magnets in near-final shape can be made by simple compression molding from spherical high purity gas atomized pre-alloyed powder. Dwell time at peak sintering temperature (1250 °C) greatly affected grain size of the resulting magnet alloys. This microstructure transformation was demonstrated to be useful for gaining partially aligned magnetic properties and boosting energy product. While a route to increased coercivity was not identified by these experiments, manufacturability of bulk alnico magnet alloys in near-final shapes was demonstrated, permitting further processing and alloy modification experiments that can target higher coercivity and better control of grain anisotropy during grain growth.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Ames Laboratory (USDOE), Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410068
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM ALLOYS; ANISOTROPY; COBALT ALLOYS; COERCIVE FORCE; ENERGY DENSITY; GRAIN GROWTH; GRAIN SIZE; IRON BASE ALLOYS; MAGNETIC MATERIALS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MOLDING; NICKEL ALLOYS; PERMANENT MAGNETS; POWDERS; SINTERING