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Title: Correlations in rare-earth transition-metal permanent magnets

It is investigated how electron-electron correlations affect the intrinsic properties of rare-earth transition-metal magnets. Focusing on orbital moment and anisotropy, we perform model calculations for 3d-4f alloys and density-functional theory (DFT) calculations for NdCo{sub 5}. On an independent-electron level, the use of a single Slater determinant with broken spin symmetry introduces Hund's rule correlations, which govern the behavior of rare-earth ions and of alloys described by the local spin density approximation (LSDA) and LSDA + U approximations to DFT. By contrast, rare-earth ions in intermetallics involve configuration interactions between two or more Slater determinants and lead to phenomena such as spin-charge distribution. Analyzing DFT as a Legendre transformation and using Bethe's crystal-field theory, we show that the corresponding density functionals are very different from familiar LSDA-type expressions and outline the effect of spin-charge separation on the magnetocrystalline anisotropy.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy and NCMN, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68508 (United States)
  2. School of Basic Science, IIT Mandi, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22410039
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANISOTROPY; APPROXIMATIONS; CHARGE DISTRIBUTION; COBALT; CONFIGURATION INTERACTION; CRYSTAL FIELD; DENSITY FUNCTIONAL METHOD; ELECTRON CORRELATION; ELECTRONS; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; NEODYMIUM; PERMANENT MAGNETS; SLATER METHOD; SPIN