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Title: Bent paths of a positive streamer and a cathode-directed spark leader in diffuse discharges preionized by runaway electrons

Diffuse discharges preionized by runaway electrons can produce large-area homogeneous discharges at elevated pressures, which is an intriguing phenomenon in the physics of pulsed discharges. In this paper, runaway-electron-preionized diffuse discharge (REP DD) was obtained in a wide pressure range (0.05–0.25 MPa), and under certain conditions a positive streamer and a cathode-directed spark leader could be observed to propagate at some angles to the applied (background) electric field lines. For a 16-mm gap at an air pressure of 0.08–0.1 MPa, the percentage of pulses in which such propagation is observed is about 5%–50% of their total number, and in the other pulses such bent paths could not be observed because there is even no streamer or cathode-directed spark leader in diffuse discharges. In our opinion, such propagation of the positive streamer and the cathode-directed spark leader at some angle to the background electric field lines owes to different increase rates of the electron density in different regions of the discharge volume under REP DD conditions. Therefore, during the formation of a REP DD, the increase of the electron density is inhomogeneous and nonsimultaneous, resulting in an electron density gradient at the ionization wave front.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ; ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Institute of Electrical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. Institute of High Current Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, Tomsk 634055 (Russian Federation)
  4. (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22408259
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; AIR; CATHODES; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRIC SPARKS; ELECTRON DENSITY; PRESSURE RANGE MEGA PA; PULSES; RUNAWAY ELECTRONS