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Title: The microscopic Z-pinch process of current-carrying rarefied deuterium plasma shell

For insight into the microscopic mechanism of Z-pinch dynamic processes, a code of two-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation has been developed in cylindrical coordinates. In principle, the Z-pinch of current-carrying rarefied deuterium plasma shell has been simulated by means of this code. Many results related to the microscopic processes of the Z-pinch are obtained. They include the spatio-temporal distributions of electromagnetic field, current density, forces experienced by the ions and electrons, positions and energy distributions of particles, and trailing mass and current. In radial direction, the electric and magnetic forces exerted on the electrons are comparable in magnitude, while the forces exerted on the ions are mainly the electric forces. So in the Z-pinch process, the electrons are first accelerated in Z direction and get higher velocities; then, they are driven inwards to the axis at the same time by the radial magnetic forces (i.e., Lorentz forces) of them. That causes the separations between the electrons and ions because the ion mass is much larger than the electron's, and in turn a strong electrostatic field is produced. The produced electrostatic field attracts the ions to move towards the electrons. When the electrons are driven along the radial direction to arrive atmore » the axis, they shortly move inversely due to the static repellency among them and their tiny mass, while the ions continue to move inertially inwards, and later get into stagnation, and finally scatter outwards. Near the stagnation, the energies of the deuterium ions mostly range from 0.3 to 6‚ÄČkeV, while the electron energies are mostly from 5 to 35‚ÄČkeV. The radial components, which can contribute to the pinched plasma temperature, of the most probable energies of electron and ion at the stagnation are comparable to the Bennett equilibrium temperature (about 1 keV), and also to the highest temperatures of electron and ion obtained in one dimensional radiation magnetohydrodynamic simulation of the plasma shell Z-pinch. The trailing mass is about 20% of the total mass of the shell, and the maximum trailing current is about 7% of the driven current under our trailing definition. Our PIC simulation also demonstrates that the plasma shell first experiences a snow-plow like implosion process, which is relatively stable.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088 (China)
  2. Graduate School of China Academy of Engineering Physics, Beijing 100088 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22408126
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CURRENT DENSITY; CURRENTS; CYLINDRICAL CONFIGURATION; DEUTERIUM; DEUTERIUM IONS; ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS; ELECTRON TEMPERATURE; ELECTRONS; ENERGY SPECTRA; IMPLOSIONS; ION TEMPERATURE; KEV RANGE; LINEAR Z PINCH DEVICES; LORENTZ FORCE; ONE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K; TIME DEPENDENCE; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS