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Title: A Ka-band TM{sub 02} mode relativistic backward wave oscillator with cascaded resonators

By combining the Cerenkov-type generator with the cascaded resonators, this paper proposes a Ka-band relativistic backward wave oscillator operating under the guide magnetic field 1.0 T with high power handling capability and high conversion efficiency. It is found that TM{sub 02} can be selected as the operation mode in order to increase the power handling capability and provide sufficient coupling with the electron beam. In slow wave structure (SWS), ripples composed of semicircle on top of the rectangle enhance the wave-beam interaction and decrease the intensity of the electric field on the metallic surface. Taking advantage of the resonator cascades, the output power and the conversion efficiency are promoted greatly. The front cascaded resonators efficiently prevent the power generated in SWS from leaking into the diode region, and quicken the startup of the oscillation due to the premodulation of the beam. However, the post cascade slightly postpones the startup because of the further energy extraction from the electron beam. The numerical simulation shows that generation with power 514 MW and efficiency 41% is obtained under the diode voltage 520 kV and current 2.4 kA. And the microwave with the pure frequency spectrum of 29.35 GHz radiates in the pure TM{sub 01} mode.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22407931
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTRON BEAMS; ENERGY CONVERSION; GHZ RANGE; INTERACTIONS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; METALS; MICROWAVE RADIATION; OSCILLATIONS; OSCILLATORS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; RESONATORS; SPECTRA