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Title: Bidimensional Particle-In-Cell simulations for laser-driven proton acceleration using ultra-short, ultra-high contrast laser

In this paper, we report on bi-dimensional Particle-In-Cell simulations performed in order to reproduce the laser-driven proton acceleration obtained when a commercial 200 TW Ti:Sa Laser hits a solid target. The laser-to prepulse contrast was enhanced using plasma mirrors yielding to a main-to-prepulse contrast of ∼10{sup 12}. We varied the pulse duration from 30 fs to 500 fs and the target thickness from 30 nm to several tens of μm. The on-target laser energy was up to 1.8 J leading to an intensity in excess of 10{sup 20 }W cm{sup −2}. A comparison between numerical and existing experimental data [S. Fourmaux et al., Phys. Plasmas 20, 013110 (2013)] is performed, showing a good agreement between experimental results and simulations which confirms that for ultra-thin targets there is an optimum expansion regime. This regime depends on the target thickness and on the laser intensity: if the target is too expanded, the laser travels through the target without being able to deposit its energy within the target. If the target is not sufficiently expanded, the laser energy is reflected by the target. It is important to note that maximum proton energies are reached at longer pulse durations (in the 100 fs regime) than what ismore » currently the best compression pulse length for this type of lasers (typically 20–30 fs). This duration, around 50–100 fs, can be considered a minimum energy transfer time between hot electrons to ions during the considered acceleration process.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Dipartimento SBAI, Sapienza, Università di Roma, Via Scarpa 16 and INFN-RM, 00161 Roma (Italy)
  2. University of Bordeaux, CNRS-CEA, CELIA, UMR5107, 33405 Talence (France)
  3. INRS-EMT, Université du Québec, 1650 Lionel Boulet, Varennes J3X 1S2, Québec (Canada)
  4. (Canada)
  5. (Hungary)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22407927
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ACCELERATION; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DEPOSITION; ELECTRONS; ENERGY TRANSFER; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; LASER RADIATION; LASER TARGETS; PLASMA; PROTONS; PULSES