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Title: MO-D-BRF-01: Pediatric Treatment Planning II: The PENTEC Report On Normal Tissue Complications

With advances in multimodality therapy, childhood cancer cure rates approach 80%. However, both radiotherapy and chemotherapy may cause debilitating or even fatal ‘late effects’ that are critical to understand, mitigate, or prevent. QUANTEC identified the uncertainties relating to side-effects of adult treatments, but this is more complicated for children in whom a mosaic of tissues develops at different rates and temporal sequences. Childhood cancer survivors have long life expectancy and may develop treatmentinduced secondary cancers and severe organ/tissue injury decades after treatment. Collaborative long-term observational studies and clinical research programs for survivors of pediatric and adolescent cancer provide some dose-response data for follow-up periods exceeding 40 years. Data analysis is challenging due to the influence of both therapeutic and developmental variables. PENTEC is a group of radiation oncologists, pediatric oncologists, subsepcialty physicians, medical physicists, biomathematic modelers/statisticians, and epidemiologists charged with conducting a critical synthesis of existing literature aiming to: critically analyze radiation dose-volume effects on normal tissue tolerances as a function of age/development in pediatric cancer patients in order to inform treatment planning and improve outcomes for survivors; describe relevant physics issues specific to pediatric radiotherapy; propose dose-volumeoutcome reporting standards to improve the knowledge base to inform future treatment guidelines.more » PENTEC has developed guidelines for systematic literature reviews, data extraction tolls and data analysis. This education session will discuss:1. Special considerations for normal tissue radiation response of children/adolescents, e.g. the interplay between development and radiotherapy effects.2. Epidemiology of organ/tissue injuries and secondary cancers.3. Exploration of dose-response differences between children and adults4. Methodology for literature review, data mining of outcomes databases, and NTCP or longitudinal modeling of doseresponse. 5. PENTEC goals and timetable. Learning Objectives: Understand important differences between normal tissue effects of radiation therapy in pediatric and adult patients. Be able to identify situations where there is ‘interplay’ between organ development and radiation-induced complications. Identify methods to systematically extract quantitative dose-volumeresponse relationships from existing outcomes databases. Provide guidance for the medical physicist to properly understand, implement, guide and control contemporary technology and applications in pediatric radiation oncology.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22407774
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 41; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2014 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ADULTS; CHEMOTHERAPY; CHILDREN; DATA ANALYSIS; MEDICAL PERSONNEL; NEOPLASMS; PATIENTS; PEDIATRICS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOTHERAPY; RECOMMENDATIONS; REVIEWS