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Title: Sci—Fri PM: Topics — 01: A monte carlo model of a miniature low-energy x-ray tube using EGSnrc

The INTRABEAM system (Carl Zeiss, Oberkochen, Germany) is a miniature x-ray generator for use in intraoperative radiotherapy and brachytherapy. The device accelerates electrons to up to 50 keV, which are then steered down an evacuated needle probe to strike a thin gold target. For accurate dosimetry of the INTRABEAM system, it is important that the photon spectrum be well understood. Measurements based on air-kerma are heavily impacted by photon spectra, particularly for low photon energies due to the large photoelectric contribution in air mass energy absorption coefficient. While low energy photons have little clinical significance at treatment depths, they may have a large effect on air-kerma measurements. In this work, we have developed an EGSnrc-based monte carlo (MC) model of the Zeiss INTRABEAM system to study the source photon spectra and half-value layers (HVLs) of the bare probe and with various spherical applicators. HVLs were calculated using the analytical attenuation of air-kerma spectra. The calculated bare probe spectrum was compared with simulated and measured results taken from literature. Differences in the L-line energies of gold were found between the spectra predicted by EGSnrc and Geant4. This is due to M and N shell averaging during atomic transitions in EGSnrc. Themore » calculated HVLs of the bare probe and spherical applicators are consistent with literature reported measured values.« less
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Medical Physics Unit, McGill University (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22407704
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Medical Physics; Journal Volume: 41; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2014 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
07 ISOTOPES AND RADIATION SOURCES; BRACHYTHERAPY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DOSIMETRY; KERMA; MONTE CARLO METHOD; SPHERICAL CONFIGURATION; X RADIATION; X-RAY TUBES