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Title: Urchin-like m-LaVO{sub 4} and m-LaVO{sub 4}/Ag microspheres: Synthesis and characterization

The semiconductor nanostructures decorated with noble metals have attracted increasing attention due to their interesting physical and chemical properties. In this work, urchin-like monoclinic (m-) LaVO{sub 4} microspheres were prepared by a hydrothermal method and used as a template to fabricate Ag nanoparticle-decorated m-LaVO{sub 4} composites. The morphology and structure were characterized by transmission electron microscope, high-resolution transmission electron microscope, scanning electron microscope, and energy-dispersive X-ray. It was found that Ag nanoparticles with narrow size distribution were uniformly loaded on urchin-like m-LaVO{sub 4} microspheres, and the resulted composite microspheres showed distinct surface plasmon absorption band compared to pure m-LaVO{sub 4} microspheres. Photocatalytic activities of as-prepared samples were examined by studying the degradation of methyl orange solutions under visible-light irradiation (> 400 nm). Results clearly showed that urchin-like m-LaVO{sub 4}/Ag microspheres possess much higher photocatalytic activity than pure m-LaVO{sub 4} microspheres and P25. - Highlights: • m-LaVO{sub 4}/Ag composites microspheres were fabricated by a hydrothermal method. • m-LaVO{sub 4} microspheres show higher photocatalytic activity than m-LaVO{sub 4} microspheres. • m-LaVO{sub 4}/Ag microspheres exhibit a good stability.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ; ; ; ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. School of Minerals Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403608
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 98; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ABSORPTION; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; IRRADIATION; LANTHANUM COMPOUNDS; METHYL ORANGE; MICROSPHERES; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; MORPHOLOGY; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHASE STABILITY; PHOTOCATALYSIS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; SILVER; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VANADATES