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Title: The sequence of intermetallic formation and solidification pathway of an Al–13Mg–7Si–2Cu in-situ composite

The phase transformation sequence and solidification behaviour of an Al–13Mg–7Si–2Cu in-situ composite was examined using a combination of computer-aided cooling curve thermal analysis and interrupted quenching techniques. Five different phases were identified by analysing the derivative cooling curves, the X-ray diffraction profile, optical and scanning electron microscopy images and the corresponding energy dispersive spectroscopy. It has been found that the solidification of this alloy begins with primary Mg{sub 2}Si precipitation and continues with the formation of eutectic Al–Mg{sub 2}Si, followed by Al{sub 5}FeSi and simultaneous precipitation of Al{sub 5}Cu{sub 2}Mg{sub 8}Si{sub 6} and Al{sub 2}Cu complex intermetallic phases. The formation of the last three intermetallic compounds changes the solidification behaviour of these composites remarkably due to their complex eutectic formation reactions. The solidification of the alloy, calculated using the Factsage thermochemical analysis software, has demonstrated a good agreement with the experiments in terms of compound prediction, their weight fractions and reaction temperatures. - Highlights: • Solidification path of a commercial Al-13Mg-7Si-2Cu composite was characterized. • Five different phases were identified and then confirmed with EDS and XRD results. • Mg{sub 2}Si, Al-Mg{sub 2}Si,Al{sub 5}FeSi (β),Al{sub 5}Cu{sub 2}Mg{sub 8}Si{sub 6} (Q) and Al{sub 2}Cu(θ) precipitated respectively. • Solidification was predicted usingmore » the Factsage thermochemical analysis software.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Materials, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Johor Bahru (Malaysia)
  2. École Polytechnique de Montréal, Dép. de Génie Chimique, P.O. Box 6079, Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3A7 (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403606
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 98; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ALUMINIUM; ALUMINIUM ALLOYS; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; COPPER; COPPER ALLOYS; EUTECTICS; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; MAGNESIUM ALLOYS; MAGNESIUM SILICIDES; MICROSTRUCTURE; PRECIPITATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SILICON ALLOYS; SOLIDIFICATION; THERMAL ANALYSIS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY