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Title: Formation of less-known structurally complex ζ{sub b} and orthorhombic quasicrystalline approximant ε{sub n} on solidification of selected Al–Pd–Cr alloys

The evolution of phases was investigated on cooling of Al{sub 71}Pd{sub 24}Cr{sub 5}, Al{sub 73}Pd{sub 20}Cr{sub 7}, and Al{sub 73}Pd{sub 23}Cr{sub 4} alloys from 1350 °C down to ambient temperature with the rate of 10 °C·min{sup −1}. To perform the investigation, differential thermal analysis, synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were used. In all the investigated alloys structurally complex phases ε{sub n} (ε{sub 6} + ε{sub 28}) and ζ{sub b}, as well as the δ-phase were identified. Based on the results of differential thermal analysis, sequences of phase transformations were determined. The Al{sub 71}Pd{sub 24}Cr{sub 5} alloy started to solidify at 1031.4 °C through β. Primary dendrites of ζ{sub b} were observed in Al{sub 73}Pd{sub 20}Cr{sub 7} and Al{sub 73}Pd{sub 23}Cr{sub 4} alloys. In the second step of solidification δ and/or ζ{sub b} were formed. The peritectic reaction, liquid + ζ{sub b} + δ → ε{sub n} + ζ{sub b} + δ, leading to the formation of the quasicrystalline approximant ε{sub n} (ε{sub 6} + ε{sub 28}) took place in the final step of solidification at approximately 792 °C. - Highlights: • Structurally complex ε{sub n} (ε{sub 6} + ε{sub 28}), ζ{sub b}more » and δ-phases were identified. • The Al{sub 71}Pd{sub 24}Cr{sub 5} alloy started to solidify at 1031.4 °C through the primary β phase. • The Al{sub 73}Pd{sub 20}Cr{sub 7} and Al{sub 73}Pd{sub 23}Cr{sub 4} alloys solidified in the same way. • The quasicrystalline approximant ε{sub n} (ε{sub 6} + ε{sub 28}) was formed at approximately 792 °C.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Materials Science and Technology in Trnava, Paulínska 16, 917 24 Trnava (Slovakia)
  2. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Notkestraße 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany)
  3. Institute of Physics of Materials, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Žižkova 22, 616 62 Brno (Czech Republic)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403596
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 97; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM BASE ALLOYS; CHROMIUM ALLOYS; DENDRITES; DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PALLADIUM ALLOYS; PHASE STABILITY; PHASE STUDIES; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SOLIDIFICATION; SYNCHROTRON RADIATION; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY