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Title: Laser shock peening effect on the dislocation transitions and grain refinement of Al–Mg–Si alloy

This paper systematically investigates the effect of laser shock peening without coating parameters on the microstructural evolution, and dislocation configurations induced by ultra-high plastic strains and strain rates. Based on an analysis of optical microscopy, polarized light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy observations and residual stress analysis, the significant influence of laser shock peening parameters due to the effect of plasma generation and shock wave propagation has been confirmed. Although the optical microscopy results revealed no significant microstructural changes after laser shock peening, i.e. no heat effect zone and differences in the distribution of second-phase particles, expressive influence of laser treatment parameters on the laser shock induced craters was confirmed. Moreover, polarized light microscopy results have confirmed the existence of well-defined longish grains up to 455 μm in length in the centre of the plate due to the rolling effect, and randomly oriented smaller grains (20 μm × 50 μm) in the surface due to the static recrystallization effect. Laser shock peening is reflected in an exceptional increase in dislocation density with various configurations, i.e. dislocation lines, dislocation cells, dislocation tangles, and the formation of dense dislocation walls. More importantly, the microstructure is considerably refined due to the effect of strainmore » deformations induced by laser shock peening process. The results have confirmed that dense dislocation structures during ultra-high plastic deformation with the addition of shear bands producing ultra-fine (60–200 nm) and nano-grains (20–50 nm). Furthermore, dislocation density was increased by a factor of 2.5 compared to the untreated material (29 × 10{sup 13} m{sup −2} vs. 12 × 10{sup 13} m{sup −2}). - Highlights: • LSPwC imparts high compressive residual stresses up to − 362 ± 31 MPa. • After LSPwC the microstructure is considerably refined via dislocation transitions. • Results confirmed ultra-fine (60–200 nm) and nano-grains (20–50 nm) after LSPwC. • Reasonable agreements between dislocation density and residual stress are obtained.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Askerceva 6, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)
  2. Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Materials Science and Technology in Trnava, Paulínska 16, 917 24 Trnava (Slovakia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403585
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 97; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALUMINIUM ALLOYS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DEFORMATION; DISLOCATIONS; GRAIN REFINEMENT; MAGNESIUM ALLOYS; MICROSTRUCTURE; OPTICAL MICROSCOPY; PLASTICITY; RECRYSTALLIZATION; RESIDUAL STRESSES; ROLLING; SHEAR PROPERTIES; SHOCK WAVES; SHOT PEENING; SILICON ALLOYS; STRAIN RATE; STRAINS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VISIBLE RADIATION