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Title: Effects of Sn addition on the microstructure, mechanical properties and corrosion behavior of Ti–Nb–Sn alloys

Ti and Ti alloys are widely used in restorative surgery because of their good biocompatibility, enhanced mechanical behavior and high corrosion resistance in physiological media. The corrosion resistance of Ti-based materials is due to the spontaneous formation of the TiO{sub 2} oxide film on their surface, which exhibits elevated stability in biological fluids. Ti–Nb alloys, depending on the composition and the processing routes to which the alloys are subjected, have high mechanical strength combined with low elastic modulus. The addition of Sn to Ti–Nb alloys allows the phase transformations to be controlled, particularly the precipitation of ω phase. The aim of this study is to discuss the microstructure, mechanical properties and corrosion behavior of cast Ti–Nb alloys to which Sn has been added. Samples were centrifugally cast in a copper mold, and the microstructure was characterized using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry. Mechanical behavior evaluation was performed using Berkovich nanoindentation, Vickers hardness and compression tests. The corrosion behavior was evaluated in Ringer's solution at room temperature using electrochemical techniques. The results obtained suggested that the physical, mechanical and chemical behaviors of the Ti–Nb–Sn alloys are directly dependent on the Sn content. - Graphical abstract: Effects of Snmore » addition to the Ti–30Nb alloy on the elastic modulus. - Highlights: • Sn addition causes reduction of the ω phase precipitation. • Minimum Vickers hardness and elastic modulus occurred for 6 wt.% Sn content. • Addition of 6 wt.% Sn resulted in maximum ductility and minimum compression strength. • All Ti–30Nb–XSn (X = 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10%) alloys are passive in Ringer's solution. • Highest corrosion resistance was observed for 6 wt.% Sn content.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. University of Campinas, School of Mechanical Engineering, Rua Mendeleiev, 200, Campinas, SP 13083-860 (Brazil)
  2. University of São Paulo, School of Engineering of Lorena, Polo Urbo-Industrial Gleba AI-6, Lorena, SP 12600-00 (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403578
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 96; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; COMPRESSION STRENGTH; COPPER; CORROSION; CORROSION RESISTANCE; DUCTILITY; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; MICROSTRUCTURE; NIOBIUM ALLOYS; OPTICAL MICROSCOPY; PHASE STABILITY; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PRECIPITATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TIN ALLOYS; TITANIUM ALLOYS; TITANIUM OXIDES; VICKERS HARDNESS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION