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Title: Comparative study of optical and structural properties of electrospun 1-dimensional CaYAl{sub 3}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} nanofibers and bulk phosphor

We report the optical and structural studies of Eu{sup 3+}-doped 1-dimensional CaYAl{sub 3}O{sub 7} nano-fiber phosphor. CaYAl{sub 3}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphors were synthesized by electrospinning technique and the pristine nano-fibers were annealed at 900 °C to form well crystallized uniform fibers. Under ultraviolet excitation, the CaYAl{sub 3}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} exhibited red emission, due to transitions in the 4f states of Eu{sup 3+}. In order to explore the difference between the quantum efficiency of nano-fiber and bulk CaYAl{sub 3}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphor, detailed structural and optical analyses were carried out. The structural analysis of the CaYAl{sub 3}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} nano-fibers indicates that the structural environment surrounding the dopant Eu{sup 3+} ion was more unstable in nano-fiber when compared to a bulk sample. Decay curves for both the samples when fitted with double exponential decay model indicate that the nano-fiber has shorter decay time, arising from the larger contribution from the non-radiative decay, due to defect levels introduced in the host lattice. - Highlights: • Synthesis of red nano-phosphor through electrospinning • Luminescence properties of bulk and nano-phosphors are compared. • Inferior emission intensity of the nano-phosphor is analyzed using MEM. • Charge cloud around nano-phosphor was found to be oblique.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chonnam National University, 300 Yongbong-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-757 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. Division of Advanced Materials Engineering, Kongju National University, Cheonan, Chungnam 330-717 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403535
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 95; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINATES; ANNEALING; CALCIUM COMPOUNDS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CRYSTAL DEFECTS; CRYSTAL LATTICES; DIAGRAMS; DOPED MATERIALS; EUROPIUM IONS; EXCITATION; LUMINESCENCE; NANOFIBERS; PHOSPHORS; QUANTUM EFFICIENCY; SYNTHESIS; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; YTTRIUM COMPOUNDS