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Title: Enhancing overall tensile and compressive response of pure Mg using nano-TiB{sub 2} particulates

A novel attempt is made to synthesize and study the isolated effects of less than two volume fraction TiB{sub 2} nanoparticulates (60 nm) on pure magnesium. New light weight Mg–TiB{sub 2} nanocomposites with superior mechanical properties compared to pure magnesium are synthesized using disintegrated melt deposition technique followed by hot extrusion. The microstructural characterization studies revealed that the samples exhibited fairly uniform distribution of TiB{sub 2} nanoparticulates with minimal porosity and good interfacial integrity between Mg matrix and TiB{sub 2} particulates. The coefficient of thermal expansion results indicates that the addition of 0.58, 0.97, and 1.98 vol.% TiB{sub 2} nanoparticulates marginally improves the dimensional stability of pure magnesium. A significant improvement in the room temperature tensile properties of pure magnesium was observed with the addition of less than two volume fraction TiB{sub 2} nanoparticulates. The synthesized Mg 1.98 vol.% TiB{sub 2} nanocomposite revealed the best room temperature tensile properties with a significant increase in the 0.2% tensile yield strength by ∼ 54%, ultimate tensile strength by ∼ 15% and fracture strain by ∼ 79% when compared to pure Mg. The X-ray diffraction studies indicated changes in the basal plane orientation of pure Mg with the addition of nano-TiB{sub 2} particulates.more » A maximum tensile fracture strain of ∼ 16% is achieved with the addition of 0.97 vol.% TiB{sub 2}. The room temperature compressive properties of the nanocomposites reveal that the addition of 1.98 TiB{sub 2} increases the 0.2% compressive yield strength of Mg by ∼ 47% and ultimate compressive strength by ∼ 10% with a marginal increase in the fracture strain (∼ 11%). Reduction in tensile–compression yield asymmetry was observed for Mg 0.58 and 0.97 vol.% TiB{sub 2} nanocomposites which can be attributed to the weakening of the strong basal texture of pure Mg. - Highlights: • First attempt is made to synthesize and characterize Mg-TiB{sub 2} nanocomposites. • XRD studies indicate nano TiB{sub 2} addition modifies the basal texture of pure Mg. • Maximum tensile fracture strain of ∼ 16 % in Mg 0.97 vol.% TiB{sub 2} nanocomposite. • Hardness values of Mg-TiB{sub 2} composites indicate superior tribological properties.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403530
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 94; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPRESSION STRENGTH; FRACTURES; HARDNESS; MAGNESIUM; MICROSTRUCTURE; NANOCOMPOSITES; PARTICULATES; PHASE STABILITY; POROSITY; STRAINS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TENSILE PROPERTIES; TEXTURE; THERMAL EXPANSION; TITANIUM BORIDES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; YIELD STRENGTH