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Title: Complete particle-pair annihilation as a dynamical signature of the spectral singularity

Motivated by the physical relevance of a spectral singularity of interacting many-particle system, we explore the dynamics of two bosons as well as fermions in one-dimensional system with imaginary delta interaction strength. Based on the exact solution, it shows that the two-particle collision leads to amplitude-reduction of the wave function. For fermion pair, the amplitude-reduction depends on the spin configuration of two particles. In both cases, the residual amplitude can vanish when the relative group velocity of two single-particle Gaussian wave packets with equal width reaches the magnitude of the interaction strength, exhibiting complete particle-pair annihilation at the spectral singularity. - Highlights: • We investigate the physical relevance of a spectral singularity. • The two-particle collision leads to amplitude-reduction of the wave function. • There is a singularity spectrum which leads to complete particle-pair annihilation. • Complete particle-pair annihilation can only occur for two distinguishable bosons and singlet fermions. • Pair annihilation provides a detection method of the spectral singularity in the experiment.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China)
  2. College of Physics and Materials Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403414
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Annals of Physics (New York); Journal Volume: 349; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANNIHILATION; BOSONS; COLLISIONS; DETECTION; EXACT SOLUTIONS; FERMIONS; MANY-BODY PROBLEM; SINGULARITY; SPECTRA; SPIN; WAVE FUNCTIONS; WAVE PACKETS