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Title: One-dimensional particle simulations of Knudsen-layer effects on D-T fusion

Particle simulations are used to solve the fully nonlinear, collisional kinetic equation describing the interaction of a high-temperature, high-density, deuterium-tritium plasma with absorbing boundaries, a plasma source, and the influence of kinetic effects on fusion reaction rates. Both hydrodynamic and kinetic effects influence the end losses, and the simulations show departures of the ion velocity distributions from Maxwellian due to the reduction of the population of the highest energy ions (Knudsen-layer effects). The particle simulations show that the interplay between sources, plasma dynamics, and end losses results in temperature anisotropy, plasma cooling, and concomitant reductions in the fusion reaction rates. However, for the model problems and parameters considered, particle simulations show that Knudsen-layer modifications do not significantly affect the velocity distribution function for velocities most important in determining the fusion reaction rates, i.e., the thermal fusion reaction rates using the local densities and bulk temperatures give good estimates of the kinetic fusion reaction rates.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403366
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ANISOTROPY; DEUTERIUM; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; END EFFECTS; HEAVY ION FUSION REACTIONS; KINETIC EQUATIONS; LAYERS; ONE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; PARTICLES; PLASMA; SIMULATION; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K; THERMONUCLEAR REACTIONS