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Title: Influence of O{sub 2} on the dielectric properties of CO{sub 2} at the elevated temperatures

SF{sub 6} gas is widely used in the high voltage circuit breakers but considering its high global warming potential other substitutes are being sought. Among them CO{sub 2} was investigated and even has been used in some practical products. However, at room temperature, the dielectric properties of CO{sub 2} are relatively lower than SF{sub 6} and air. The goal of this work is to investigate a CO{sub 2}-based gas to improve the performance of the pure CO{sub 2}. In this paper, the dielectric properties of hot CO{sub 2}/O{sub 2} mixtures related to the dielectric recovery phase of the circuit breaker were investigated in the temperature range from 300 K to 4000 K and in the pressure range from 0.01 MPa to 1.0 MPa. The species compositions of hot CO{sub 2}/O{sub 2} were obtained based on Gibbs free energy minimization under the assumptions of local thermodynamic equilibrium and local chemical equilibrium. The reduced critical electric field strength of CO{sub 2}/O{sub 2} was determined by balancing electron generation and loss. These were calculated using the electron energy distribution function by solving the Boltzmann transport equation. The validity of the calculation method and the cross sections data was confirmed by comparing the measurements and calculations of themore » electron swarm data in previous work. The results indicate that in pure CO{sub 2} the critical electric field strength is higher only in higher temperature range. By adding the O{sub 2} into the CO{sub 2}, the critical electric field strength at lower temperature is effectively enhanced. CO{sub 2}/O{sub 2} mixtures have a much better dielectric strength than both the pure CO{sub 2} and air and thus have the potential to improve the CO{sub 2}-based gas circuit breakers. Similar conclusions can also be found in others’ work, which further confirm the validity of these results.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an Shaanxi 710049 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403257
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; AIR; BOLTZMANN EQUATION; CARBON DIOXIDE; DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES; ELECTRONS; LTE; PRESSURE RANGE MEGA PA; SULFUR FLUORIDES; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K