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Title: Dissipative particle dynamics simulations of deformation and aggregation of healthy and diseased red blood cells in a tube flow

In this paper, we report simulation results assessing the deformation and aggregation of mixed healthy and malaria-infected red blood cells (RBCs) in a tube flow. A three dimensional particle model based on Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD) is developed to predict the tube flow containing interacting cells. The cells are also modelled by DPD, with a Morse potential to characterize the cell-cell interaction. As validation tests, a single RBC in a tube flow and two RBCs in a static flow are simulated to examine the cell deformation and intercellular interaction, respectively. The study of two cells, one healthy and the other malaria-infected RBCs in a tube flow demonstrates that the malaria-infected RBC (in the leading position along flow direction) has different effects on the healthy RBC (in the trailing position) at the different stage of parasite development or at the different capillary number. With parasitic development, the malaria-infected RBC gradually loses its deformability, and in turn the corresponding trailing healthy RBC also deforms less due to the intercellular interaction. With increasing capillary number, both the healthy and malaria-infected RBCs are likely to undergo an axisymmetric motion. The minimum intercellular distance becomes small enough so that rouleaux is easily formed, i.e., themore » healthy and malaria-infected RBCs are difficultly disaggregated.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119260 (Singapore)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403193
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Fluids (1994); Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AGGLOMERATION; AXIAL SYMMETRY; CAPILLARIES; DYNAMICS; ERYTHROCYTES; FLOW MODELS; MALARIA; MORSE POTENTIAL; PARTICLE MODELS; PARTICLES; SIMULATION; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; TUBES; VALIDATION