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Title: Minimum time optimal synthesis for two level quantum systems

For the time optimal problem of an invariant system on SU(2), with two independent controls and a bound on the norm of the control, the extremals of the Pontryagin maximum principle are explicit functions of time. We use this fact here to perform the optimal synthesis for these systems, i.e., to find all time optimal trajectories. Although the Lie group SU(2) is three dimensional, time optimal trajectories can be described in the unit disk of the complex plane. We find that a circular trajectory separates optimal trajectories that reach the boundary of the unit disk from the others. Inside this separatrix circle, another trajectory (the critical trajectory) plays an important role in that all optimal trajectories end at an intersection with this curve. The results allow us to find the minimum time needed to achieve a given evolution of a two level quantum system.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Dipartimento di Matematica, Università di Padova, Padova (Italy)
  2. Department of Mathematics, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403082
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Mathematical Physics; Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; LIE GROUPS; QUANTUM SYSTEMS; SYNTHESIS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; TIME DEPENDENCE; TRAJECTORIES