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Title: Atoms confined by very thin layers

The Hamiltonian of an atom with N electrons and a fixed nucleus of infinite mass between two parallel planes is considered in the limit when the distance a between the planes tends to zero. We show that this Hamiltonian converges in the norm resolvent sense to a Schrödinger operator acting effectively in L{sup 2}(R{sup 2N}) whose potential part depends on a. Moreover, we prove that after an appropriate regularization this Schrödinger operator tends, again in the norm resolvent sense, to the Hamiltonian of a two-dimensional atom (with the three-dimensional Coulomb potential-one over distance) as a → 0. This makes possible to locate the discrete spectrum of the full Hamiltonian once we know the spectrum of the latter one. Our results also provide a mathematical justification for the interest in the two-dimensional atoms with the three-dimensional Coulomb potential.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Trojanova 13, 120 00 Prague 2 (Czech Republic)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22403049
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Mathematical Physics; Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ATOMS; COULOMB FIELD; ELECTRONS; HAMILTONIANS; THIN FILMS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS