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Title: Ion conduction and relaxation in PEO-LiTFSI-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} polymer nanocomposite electrolytes

Ion conduction and relaxation in PEO-LiTFSI-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} polymer nanocomposite electrolytes have been studied for different concentrations of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetric studies show that the maximum amorphous phase of PEO is observed for PEO-LiTFSI embedded with 5 wt. % Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The maximum ionic conductivity ∼3.3 × 10{sup −4} S cm{sup −1} has been obtained for this composition. The transmission electron microscopic image shows a distribution of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles in all compositions with size of <50 nm. The temperature dependence of the ionic conductivity follows Vogel-Tamman-Fulcher nature, indicating a strong coupling between ionic and polymer chain segmental motions. The scaling of the ac conductivity implies that relaxation dynamics follows a common mechanism for different temperatures and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentrations. The imaginary modulus spectra are asymmetric and skewed toward the high frequency sides of the maxima and analyzed using Havriliak-Negami formalism. The temperature dependence of the relaxation time obtained from modulus spectra also exhibits Vogel-Tamman-Fulcher nature. The values of the stretched exponent obtained from Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts fit to the modulus data are fairly low, suggesting highly non-exponential relaxation for all concentrations of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} in these electrolytes.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Solid State Physics, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700032 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22402987
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; AMORPHOUS STATE; CALORIMETRY; CONCENTRATION RATIO; ELECTROLYTES; ELECTRONS; IONIC CONDUCTIVITY; NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; POLYMERS; RELAXATION TIME; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; X-RAY DIFFRACTION