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Title: Indium segregation during III–V quantum wire and quantum dot formation on patterned substrates

We report a model for metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy on non-planar substrates, specifically V-grooves and pyramidal recesses, which we apply to the growth of InGaAs nanostructures. This model—based on a set of coupled reaction-diffusion equations, one for each facet in the system—accounts for the facet-dependence of all kinetic processes (e.g., precursor decomposition, adatom diffusion, and adatom lifetimes) and has been previously applied to account for the temperature-, concentration-, and temporal-dependence of AlGaAs nanostructures on GaAs (111)B surfaces with V-grooves and pyramidal recesses. In the present study, the growth of In{sub 0.12}Ga{sub 0.88}As quantum wires at the bottom of V-grooves is used to determine a set of optimized kinetic parameters. Based on these parameters, we have modeled the growth of In{sub 0.25}Ga{sub 0.75}As nanostructures formed in pyramidal site-controlled quantum-dot systems, successfully producing a qualitative explanation for the temperature-dependence of their optical properties, which have been reported in previous studies. Finally, we present scanning electron and cross-sectional atomic force microscopy images which show previously unreported facetting at the bottom of the pyramidal recesses that allow quantum dot formation.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Tyndall National Institute, “Lee Maltings,” University College Cork, Cork (Ireland)
  2. The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22402940
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM ARSENIDES; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; DECOMPOSITION; DIFFUSION; ELECTRON SCANNING; GALLIUM ARSENIDES; IMAGES; INDIUM ARSENIDES; LIFETIME; NANOWIRES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; QUANTUM DOTS; SEGREGATION; SUBSTRATES; SURFACES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE