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Title: Thermal annealing effects on ultra-violet luminescence properties of Gd doped AlN

We studied energy transfer from AlN to doped Gd{sup 3+} ions as a function of the post-thermal annealing temperature. Gd-doped AlN thin films were deposited on fused-silica substrates using a reactive radio-frequency magnetron sputtering technique. The film is a c-axis oriented polycrystal. The intra-orbital electron transition in Gd{sup 3+} showed an atomically sharp luminescence at 3.9 eV (318 nm). The photoluminescence (PL) excitation spectrum exhibited a resonant peak, indicating efficient energy transfer from the host AlN crystal to Gd{sup 3+} ions. The PL intensity increases approximately ten times by thermal annealing. The PL decay lifetime becomes long with annealing, and mid-gap luminescence relating to the crystal defects in AlN was also found to be reduced by annealing. These results suggest that energy dissipation of excited carriers in AlN was suppressed by annealing, and the efficiency of energy transfer into Gd{sup 3+} was improved.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ; ; ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan)
  2. YUMEX INC., 400 Itoda, Yumesaki, Himeji, Hyogo 671-2114 (Japan)
  3. Hyogo Prefectural Institute of Technology, 3-1-12 Yukihira, Suma, Kobe 654-0037 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22402904
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; ALUMINIUM NITRIDES; ANNEALING; APPROXIMATIONS; CRYSTAL DEFECTS; CRYSTALS; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRONS; ENERGY LOSSES; ENERGY TRANSFER; EXCITATION; GADOLINIUM IONS; LIFETIME; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; RADIOWAVE RADIATION; SILICA; THIN FILMS