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Title: Tunable ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interfacial exchange coupling in perpendicularly magnetized L1{sub 0}-MnGa/Co{sub 2}FeAl Heusler bilayers

In this work, we report a tailorable exchange coupling (J{sub ex}) at the Mn{sub 62}Ga{sub 38}/Co{sub 2}FeAl interface, where Mn{sub 62}Ga{sub 38} and Co{sub 2}FeAl alloys are tetragonal Heusler alloy with high perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and typical cubic Heusler alloy with soft magnetism, respectively. As the post annealing temperature (T{sub a}) is lower than 375 °C, the J{sub ex} is ferromagnetic with strength controllable from 7.5 to 0.5 erg/cm{sup 2}. Interestingly, as T{sub a} increases higher than 400 °C, an antiferromagnetic J{sub ex} of −5.5 erg/cm{sup 2} is observed. The ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic transition is further evidenced by the spin dependent transport property of the magnetic tunnel junctions with Mn{sub 62}Ga{sub 38}/Co{sub 2}FeAl as electrode. Based on structure characterization, the variation of J{sub ex} during annealing is discussed.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. WPI Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1, Katahira, 980-8577 Sendai (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22402813
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 23; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANISOTROPY; ANNEALING; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; COUPLING; ELECTRODES; HEUSLER ALLOYS; INTERFACES; LAYERS; SPIN; SUPERCONDUCTING JUNCTIONS; TUNNEL EFFECT