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Title: Evolution of structural and magnetic properties due to nanocrystallization of mechanically milled amorphous Pr-Co-B powders

Pr{sub 2}Co{sub 14}B permanent magnet powders were prepared by mechanical milling of an arc-melted ingot. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the presence of the 2:14:1 phase after 1 h of milling which transformed into an amorphous phase with additional milling time. Increasing the milling time also lowered the intrinsic coercivity while the saturation magnetization increased up to 105 emu/g. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements revealed a crystallization temperature of around 560 °C. Upon annealing 30 h of as-milled amorphous powders between 500 and 900 °C, we observed the precipitation of the 2:14:1 phase. The optimum post-milling annealing temperature was 600 °C with an intrinsic coercivity of 7 kOe and maximum energy product of 6 MGOe.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)
  2. Ames Laboratory, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22402811
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 23; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; AMORPHOUS STATE; ANNEALING; CALORIMETRY; COERCIVE FORCE; CRYSTALLIZATION; EVOLUTION; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; MILLING; PERMANENT MAGNETS; POWDERS; PRECIPITATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION