skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Combined effects of Bi deficiency and Mn substitution on the structural transformation and functionality of BiFeO{sub 3} films

Mn-doped BiFeO{sub 3} films with Mn contents of 5 and 10 mol. % were prepared via a chemical route. A carefully controlled amount of Bi deficiency was introduced to further tune the lattice structure and the functionality of multiferroic BiFeO{sub 3}. The crystal structure of Bi{sub 1−δ}Fe{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x}O{sub 3} films was investigated by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectra; a rhombohedral-to-orthorhombic phase transition was revealed. The observed double hysteresis loops and two capacitance maxima from polarization vs electric field and capacitance-voltage measurements indicate an antiferroelectric-like behavior. Additionally, the coexistence of ferroelectric (FE) and antiferroelectric (AFE) phases in Bi{sub 1−δ}Fe{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x}O{sub 3} films was revealed from the domain structures obtained by piezoelectric force microscopy. The effects of Mn substitution in conjunction with Bi deficiency on the FE-AFE phase transition and electrical behavior of BiFeO{sub 3} films are discussed in detail. Meanwhile, magnetic and photoluminescence measurements on the films illustrate that Mn substitution gives rise to the net magnetic moment and the defects induced by both Bi deficiency and Mn substitution influence the electronic structure of BiFeO{sub 3} films. This study thus shows a simple and effective way to control the functionalities of BiFeO{sub 3} films.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Key Laboratory for Advance Functional Materials and Thin Film Technology, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22402595
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 17; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CAPACITANCE; DOMAIN STRUCTURE; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; FILMS; HYSTERESIS; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; MICROSCOPY; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; PIEZOELECTRICITY; POLARIZATION; RAMAN SPECTRA; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION