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Title: Cryogenic preamplification of a single-electron-transistor using a silicon-germanium heterojunction-bipolar-transistor

We examine a silicon-germanium heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) for cryogenic pre-amplification of a single electron transistor (SET). The SET current modulates the base current of the HBT directly. The HBT-SET circuit is immersed in liquid helium, and its frequency response from low frequency to several MHz is measured. The current gain and the noise spectrum with the HBT result in a signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) that is a factor of 10–100 larger than without the HBT at lower frequencies. The transition frequency defined by SNR = 1 has been extended by as much as a factor of 10 compared to without the HBT amplification. The power dissipated by the HBT cryogenic pre-amplifier is approximately 5 nW to 5 μW for the investigated range of operation. The circuit is also operated in a single electron charge read-out configuration in the time-domain as a proof-of-principle demonstration of the amplification approach for single spin read-out.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. Sandia National Laboratories, 1515 Eubank Blvd SE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 (United States)
  4. Center for Quantum Information and Control, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22402476
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 20; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ELECTRONS; GERMANIUM; HELIUM; HETEROJUNCTIONS; LIQUIDS; MHZ RANGE; READOUT SYSTEMS; SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO; SILICON; TRANSISTORS