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Title: Atomistic simulation of laser-pulse surface modification: Predictions of models with various length and time scales

In this work, the femtosecond laser pulse modification of surface is studied for aluminium (Al) and gold (Au) by use of two-temperature atomistic simulation. The results are obtained for various atomistic models with different scales: from pseudo-one-dimensional to full-scale three-dimensional simulation. The surface modification after laser irradiation can be caused by ablation and melting. For low energy laser pulses, the nanoscale ripples may be induced on a surface by melting without laser ablation. In this case, nanoscale changes of the surface are due to a splash of molten metal under temperature gradient. Laser ablation occurs at a higher pulse energy when a crater is formed on the surface. There are essential differences between Al ablation and Au ablation. In the first step of shock-wave induced ablation, swelling and void formation occur for both metals. However, the simulation of ablation in gold shows an additional athermal type of ablation that is associated with electron pressure relaxation. This type of ablation takes place at the surface layer, at a depth of several nanometers, and does not induce swelling.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny 141700 (Russian Federation)
  2. (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22399412
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 13; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ABLATION; ALUMINIUM; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSES; ELECTRONS; GOLD; LASER RADIATION; LAYERS; MELTING; MODIFICATIONS; NANOSTRUCTURES; ONE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; PHYSICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; PULSED IRRADIATION; RELAXATION; SHOCK WAVES; SURFACES; SWELLING; TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS