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Title: Enhanced spin Seebeck effect in a germanene p-n junction

Spin Seebeck effect in a germanene p-n junction is studied by using the nonequilibrium Green's function method combined with the tight-binding Hamiltonian. We find that the thermal bias ΔT can generate spin thermopower when a local exchange field is applied on one edge of the germanene nano-ribbon. The magnitude of the spin thermopower can be modulated by the potential drop across the two terminals of the p-n junction. When the value of the potential drop is smaller than the spin-orbit interaction strength, the spin thermopower is enhanced by two orders of magnitude larger as compared to the case of zero p-n voltage. Optimal temperature corresponding to maximum spin thermopower is insensitive to the potential drop. In the p-n region, maximum spin thermopower can be obtained at relatively higher temperatures. When the value of the potential drop is larger than that of the spin-orbit interaction, however, the spin Seebeck effect decays rapidly with increasing potential drop or temperature. By optimizing the structure parameters, the magnitude of the spin thermopower can be remarkably enhanced due to the coexistence of the exchange field and the potential drop.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [3]
  1. College of New Energy, Bohai University, Jinzhou 121013 (China)
  2. School of Physical Science and Technology, Inner Mongolia University, Huhehaote 010023 (China)
  3. (China)
  4. Department of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Quantum Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22399158
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 24; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; GERMANENE; GREEN FUNCTION; HAMILTONIANS; L-S COUPLING; NANOSTRUCTURES; OPTIMIZATION; P-N JUNCTIONS; POTENTIALS; SEEBECK EFFECT; SPIN; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE