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Title: Large entropy change accompanying two successive magnetic phase transitions in TbMn{sub 2}Si{sub 2} for magnetic refrigeration

Structural and magnetic properties in TbMn{sub 2}Si{sub 2} are studied by variable temperature X-ray diffraction, magnetization, electrical resistivity, and heat capacity measurements. TbMn{sub 2}Si{sub 2} undergoes two successive magnetic transitions at around T{sub c1} = 50 K and T{sub c2} = 64 K. T{sub c1} remains almost constant with increasing magnetic field, but T{sub c2} shifts significantly to higher temperature. Thus, there are two partially overlapping peaks in the temperature dependence of magnetic entropy change, i.e., −ΔS{sub M} (T). The different responses of T{sub c1} and T{sub c2} to external magnetic field, and the overlapping of −ΔS{sub M} (T) around T{sub c1} and T{sub c2} induce a large refrigerant capacity (RC) within a large temperature range. The large reversible magnetocaloric effect (−ΔS{sub M}{sup peak} ∼ 16 J/kg K for a field change of 0–5 T) and RC (=396 J/kg) indicate that TbMn{sub 2}Si{sub 2} could be a promising candidate for low temperature magnetic refrigeration.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia)
  2. (Australia)
  3. School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australian Defence Force Academy, ACT 2600 (Australia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22399005
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 106; Journal Issue: 18; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ADIABATIC DEMAGNETIZATION; CAPACITY; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ENTROPY; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; REFRIGERATION; SPECIFIC HEAT; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; X-RAY DIFFRACTION