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Title: On the possibility of increasing lifetime of a neutron generator target through laser-induced nanorelief generation at the film – substrate interface

The evolution of an ensemble of point defects (vacancies and interstitials) produced by irradiating a tritium-saturated titanium target (sorbent film on substrate) with deuterium is considered. It is shown that when the concentration of defects exceeds a certain critical value, the film undergoes transition into a quasiperiodic bent state with simultaneous clustering of defect aggregates at the relief extrema, spontaneously created at the film – substrate interface and at the film free surface. The aggregation of vacancies leads to the formation of pores. The subsequent deadherence or rapture of the film in the regions of large pores at the film – substrate interface leads to irreversible degradation of the target. We discuss the possibility of suppressing this effect by nanostructuring a laser-induced nanorelief at the substrate surface before the sorbent film deposition. Different types of such a relief are experimentally demonstrated. (interaction of laser radiation with matter)
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ; ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian Federation)
  2. P N Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22395807
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Quantum Electronics (Woodbury, N.Y.); Journal Volume: 44; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; DEUTERIUM; FILMS; INTERSTITIALS; LASER RADIATION; LIFETIME; NANOSTRUCTURES; NEUTRON GENERATORS; SUBSTRATES; TITANIUM; TRITIUM; VACANCIES